Sarkar Alampannah, Haji-o-Hafiz, Syed Waris Ali
Shah(R.A) was born on 1’st Ramadan 1238 Hijri at Deva Shareef , Deva is
an ancient town, north of Bara banki. His mother named was “Syeda Bibi
Sakina (Chand Bibi)”, who was the daughter of Syed Sheir Ali (R.A) Its
mean that his mother lineage was also connected with the family of
Hazrat Fatima (R.A). His father was “Syed Qurban Ali Shah (R.A)”, who
was the Hafiz, Qari and famous Physician of his time. Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A)
came from a family of Husseini Syed, his genealogy shows that he was
born in the 26’th generation of Hazrat Imam Hussein (R.A). The life of
Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was began with the topic of Divine love and
according to the principle tradition of his grand father Holy Prophet
peace be upon him, That’s why his actual name was famed with one of
those precious name of God in which he became annihilate himself. When
we go through the history of Sufism then we found that most saints had
awarded one of those precious name in which they would became annihilate
themselves, which colored the whole of their existence and became his
pre-dominant feature. His name “Waris”is an “Isme-Azam” and is one of
the Ninety-nine name of Allah (As use in Quran), so he has gained the
special attribute of God through his name. Infect he has taken his
heritage gift when he was a child. The people recognized his external
and eternal attribute and called him as “Waris-e-Ali”. God also proved a
particular aspect of his name in such a way that whoever look at our
Sarkar, he had accepted by his heart that “Olaika- Howal- Warison”
PROPHECY OF SARKAR WARIS:
During the period of Sarkar Waris infancy, Hazrat Akbar Shah was an
eminent & pious man and was also considered the scholar of that time.
Once a day Haji Khadim Ali along with Sarkar Waris had visited to Shah
Sahib, after seeing him, he embraced the Sarkar Waris most cordially and
said “This son will be a supreme sufi of his time”
Often Maulana Shah Abdul Rehman narrated that “Now Deva has such a great
son, all creatures will attract toward him, he will illuminate like sun
in his time and he will be popular from east to west.”
Just as the glad tiding of the birth of his grand father Holy Prophet
(Peace be upon him) were predicted long back by exalted saint during
their respective period, in the same way arrival of Sarkar Waris has
also forecasted by eminent sufi & saints, such as Miran Syed Ahmed, who
was belonging to the fore generation of Sarkar Waris (R.A) has said,
“God by his kindness bestowed on me a son, who will open his eyes in the
world after five generation”.
Hence, same to happen as he said, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was born in his
fifth generation and the luster of his spirituality has spread like the
sun rays by which the common people tooked benefit. His spiritual
bounties were also recognized by his contemporary. Therefore the high
classes’ spiritual leader classified Sarkar Waris Ali Shah as a true
lover of God and role model of Holy Prophet Tradition, which is also
testified by his every action.
The childhood period of Sarkar Waris had passed with great splendour,
all elder and younger’s were respected to him. Many strange activities
of this precocious child had been observed by the people, some of which
Most of the times his eyes were looking red with full of tear, on which
opthalmitis had been suspected by the people but another time when he
had no sign of opthalmitis then people were astonished to see him,
During Night, he was seen gazing at moon & stars, and smiling, it shows
that he seemed to appreciate the artistry of the creature.
During the period of childhood he often slipped away out of home for
three or four days & no one knew about him, where did he go but he
himself came back to home. Once his grand mother enclosed him in the
store, but he was also disappeared from the store, when on a search
being made, he was found in garden.
Some saint also narrated that Sarkar Waris in playing had explained the
quality of Divine love & advised them to abstain from the world to his
playmates. He strongly disliked the worldly arrangement from his
childhood period therefore he had distributed all his property amongst
the poor rather than used himself.
On the basis of above mention incident, we can say that the initial
habit & gesture of Sarkar Waris which was began to appear in playing but
in reality they were regarded as the symptom of high ranking saint and
the manifestation of true lover of God as well as strict following of
Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) tradition. Some elder saint also
declared the symbols of true lover of God and said that one who
sympatically deal with the creature of God, one who solved their problem
& who would be pleasant, kind and generous for them.
Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was started learning the Quran at the age of five
and within two years he memorized the whole Quran and became Hafiz. His
grandmother also wants to teach him secular education so Maulvi Imam Ali
Shah taught him primary text book with great sympathy and love. Although
Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) seldom read his books but it was the amazement of
his tutor, he always knew the answered when tested. He spent long time
in retirement and contemplation.
After the death of his grand mother, his brother in law, Haji Khadim Ali
Shah (R.A) took the charge of his bringing up and continued his studies,
being too intelligent, he never forget whatever was to teach him.
Therefore fame of his extraordinary talent was also spread here.
Although his mother tongue was Urdu but he could speak fluently in many
languages. He spoke with Arab, Afghans and Persian in their respective
language without formality and unhesitantly.
His biographer are silent on the subject of his studies and extent of
his learning, it is certain, however that he did not acquire much from
books but in his advance age people came from distant places to discuss
theological question with him. His contemporaries was also appreciate
that he was a proficient scholar of literature and had a perfect
knowledge on all those subject which are related with secular education,
beside these he was well up in the knowledge of Divine love. This shows
that all these knowledge bestowed on him by the God.
DASTAR BANDHI CEREMONY:
Haji Syed Khadim Ali Shah, who lived in Lucknow, was a man of great
learning and a Sufi of great stature. He took charge of his education
personally and when he was only eleven year old then Haji Khadim Ali
Shah initiated him into the mysterious of occult science and gave him
necessary training. It was not long before Haji Khadim Ali Shah became
ill and inspite of treatment by an expert hakim, his soul flew to
heaven. On the third day of his death ceremony Fatiha Khani was
performed in which large number of the people participated. After the
ceremony the selection of his successor and the function of Dastar
Bandhi came up for discussion. Mr. Munna Jan, who was the main organizer
of Lunger, brought a turban on a silver tray and offered it to the
assembly of learned person for the election of successor. Meanwhile
Hazrat Ghous Gwalyari took the hand of Sarkar Waris Ali Shah and said
“In front of me, he is most deserving among us.”
All audience were agreed on his selection & then spiritual leader tied
the turban on the head of our Sarkar thus at a very young age Sarkar
Waris Pak (R.A) was elected as spiritual leader. Whenever a reference
was made to his Dastar Bandhi, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) had said,
“When people were gathered on the Rasme-Soyam of Haji Khadim Sahib,
Maulvi Munna Jan said,” Today turban will tie on your head.” But I
replied, “We didn’t know the quarrel of turban.” After an hour turban
has tied on our head in the same gathering. When programmed of Qawali
was began than I along with Sheikh Ghulab Ali (Ghasetay Khan) moved
outside and on his demand, went to the market for eating Kababs.
Meanwhile, we require more money for payment so we had offered to
salesman that gives us Kababs in the replacement of this turban.”
The above mention incident shows that he liked to prefer the color of
Faqiri from the beginning and proved the dignity of the true lover of
God, who abstained from the worldly fame & name and except Allah, they
away from all affairs.
MANNERS OF SPEECH:
Our Sarkar way of speech was peerless & it intrinsic and extrinsic value
capable of satisfying the needy and spiritually guiding the people, most
of the time he kept silent with down caste eyes. He would converse with
his devotees in short sentences and he often repeated his words to
emphasize it meaning. The most command able feature of his speech was
that everyone thought, our Sarkar directing his attention towards him
and referring to his desire and expectation. In this way everyone was
benefited and satisfied.
Although the people, who paid a visit to Sarkar Waris, were of different
categories and status of mind for e.g. Qari, Hafiz, Scholar master of
arts e.t.c. From this point of view his comprehensive talk was unique
which fulfilled the necessities and desire of everyone, according to
their quest and interest.
Just as the large number of people indistinctive to any caste, creed and
religion were impressed to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and
entered in Islam (Except those, whose heart had been stamped with
polytheism), In the same way people were inspired to the pleasant and
soft speech of Sarkar Waris not only in India but in all over the world.
He visited the different countries in his long period of traveling and
met with peoples, whose were belonged to the different caste , creed,
language and religion. All of them became sincere with him and desirous
that to be admitted into his order.
Sarkar Waris (R.A) was only fifteen years old, when he decided to
perform Haj. It was evident from his childhood days, he became so
emotional whenever he heard about Madina. Before going to Haj, he had
distributed his elder things and household furniture amongst the poor
and needy person. While remaining valuable landed property and costly
books has distributed amongst his relatives. He thus broke of all
worldly ties, when he started on his journey. At first he was paying a
farewell visit to the tomb of Hazrat Haji Syed Khadim Ali Shah after
that he moved forward, on then way he stopped at Ajmeer, where the
annual celebration (Urs) was being held in the shrine of Hazrat Khawja
Moin-Uddin Chisti, so he had participated in it. After a few days
stayed, he wedded his steps towards Nagpore. Maulvi Hussein Baksh Saheb,
an important resident and saint son welcomed to Sarkar Waris when he
arrived at Nagpore. Only three days he stayed in the house of Maulvi
Hussein Sahib and everyday people assembled in large numbers and took
benefit from his sane and sanity advice but the soon Sarkar Waris
started his journey towards Bombay. He spent two weeks here and paid
homage to all shrine of Bombay. During his Bombay stayed, famous
businessman Haji Yousuf Zakria Memon along with his companion became our
saint disciple. Sarkar Waris boarded on ship so he started his voyage
from Bombay to Jaddah. It was the month of Shaban, when he reached at
Jaddah .Therefore he spent those days in visiting the historical and
sacred place while he performed Haj on it specific days. Our Sarkar
Alampannah had traveled to Hijaz many times and each time he spent three
or four years in the holy land of Kabba but during the pilgrimage season
every year he performed the Holy Haj. Thus he performed Haj 10 times,
during the course of his journey.
He spent approximately twelve years in traveling in this period, he
visited the Arab, Syria, Sham, Iraq, palastine, Russia and Germany. He
visited Constantinople in the time of majesty of Sultan Abdul Majid, who
was greatly impressed by him and offered himself to be admitted into his
order, as well as thousand of Turk people became his disciple. It is an
interesting to note that on the occasion of his visit to Berlin. Haji
Sahib was a guest of prime of Bismark. His followers claim that Haji
Waris was the first Sufi to actually visit the Europe.
It is shown by the traveling of Sufi’s and Holy man that whose purpose
of traveling was never based on personal motives, nor for entertainment
but his mission was to promote his spirituality and virtious deeds. From
this point of view, we can say that our Sarkar traveling was unique and
his spirituality attracted the attention of the people, Therefore nor
only did, he show the path of righteousness to the people of
Sub-Continent who were deeply immersed in the darkness of faithlessness
but also traveled to far off places, even foreign countries to propagate
the teaching of Islam. And through his sincere efforts countless people
were come in the fold of Islam.
Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was adopted an ascetic life since the period of
childhood. Endurance was recognized by his routine habit so he had not
passed single phase of his life without endurance. From the beginning he
took little & simple food. When he reached at the age of fourteen then
he became an eternal faster and when he went on his journey to Hijaz, he
would break open his fast after seven days. He had continued this habit
till the age of fifty. Even in these fast he took very little food.
After the age of fifty, he fell sick and his health was fast
deteriorating then he took daily food on the special request of his
physician and devotees. For long time he abstain from the eating of
mutton, milk, ghee, egg, onion, garlic and e.t.c.Everything of comfort
and rest he avoided and completely cut off the worldly entanglement.
Neither he sat on a couch, nor on the stool but he always sat and slept
on the floor. Great wonder of his lying posture was that he was lying on
his right shoulder without pillow in such a way that his back never
touches the ground and his bent arm serving as a pillow.
His manner of sleep was according to the tradition of Holy Prophet
(Peace be upon him) because our beloved prophet sometimes slept on a
bear ground and sometimes slept on the blanket (Which was spreading over
the ground), sometimes he slept without pillow and sometimes used brick
or hand as a pillow. Now a days modern scientific research has been
proved the significance of sleeping manners of Holy Prophet (Peace be
upon him). Sleep on right side is necessary for the health sake because
in this posture stomach and gut do not put their heaviness on hearth due
to which circulation does not compromise. Another significance of this
posture is that Heart is floating due to which man never goes into deep
sleep and his eyes will be open on a slight disturbance, in this way he
will take safety and he may develop the habit of awake in early morning.
All the time, special blessing and reward were distributing in the
darbar of Sarkar Waris and his devotees had gained knowledge by him.
Grandeur of his spirituality was also seen in his teaching, like of
which is hard to find. Just as Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was a pious man
with firm determination. In the same way his devotees has shown great
endurance and perseverance in all trials and becomes shining stars for
Sarkar Waris were bringing out the miracles of revolutions in their
life. Insspite of sacrifices, they had to endure and they were losing
complete touch with the mundane world. This external hardship is an
extraordinary effort and truly it is an attribute bestowed by Divine
favour. Although temporary trial had been facing by all his devotees but
here we describe more important and difficult mujahidat of his loyal
devotees such as
Mustaqeem Shah Sahib, who was the resident of Ajmer shareef, Our Sarkar
instructed to him, “Not to open his eyes.”
Hence Mustaqeem Shah more than seventy years spent his life with closed
eyes and not to see any thing of this world.
Similarly another disciple was Hafiz Gulab Shah, resident of Agra. Our
Sarkar strictly order to him, “Not to close your eyes at any time and
always to remain awake.”
Hence for forty years the loyal devotees of Sarkar Waris rested on a
stone pillow with eyes opened in a state wilderness.
Similarly our Sarkar advised to Abdul Razaq Shah Sahib, “Not to speak.”
From that time, he became silent and in this condition he spent his life
until he died.
Therefore many devotees of Sarkar Waris had performed hard, unbearable
efforts, which were against the human nature.
From the beginning, Mission of Sarkar Alampannah was to teach the love
of God. Hence he often declared to his disciple and devotees, “Divine
love is the goal of our life.”Eversince the period of childhood, Sarkar
Waris Pak (R.A) filled with Divine love and his personality was a model
of Divine love. That is why, his every talk was deeply sunk in Divine
love and his every action was based on the principle of Divine love and
according to the tradition of Holy Prophety (Peace be upon him). It was
evident from his action and incident that his heart illuminated with
Divine love and the grandeur of Tasleem-o-Raza was appeared in his
manner of life. This regarded him as a true lover of God.
During his whole life, neither he paid any attention to the things of
necessity & means of comfort, nor he concerned with property but he
spent long period in retirement and contemplation. Just as people take
benefited by the blessing of his other attribute, in the same way Sarkar
Waris (R.A) possessed a highest degreee of Divine love. Which had a
wonderful inspiration because after seeing this, people comes under it
influence. Actual training of Divine lover is base on the spirituality
and the wonders of our Sarkar tassrufat was that without any apparent
education, he fulfilled to all his devotees according to his intention
and capacity. Thus we can say that the grandeur of his tassarufat were
gushed out from him which bestowed blessing and favour on public, not
only when he lived but even today his spiritual bounties are flowing
continuously and everyone fulfill his demand even after his death.
EXTREME ILLNESS OF SARKAR WARIS AND
On the 15th Moharram 1323Hijri, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) became ill, His
apparent illness began with cold and temperature but on 20th Moharram,
his condition became more critical with high grade fever, so Hakim and
Physician were came for his treatment but his health was fast
deteriorating. The news of his critical condition reached every where.
His devotees and disciple rushed from every nook and corner. On the
special request of his devotees Hakim Mohammed Azziz Sahib came from
Lucknow. Hakim Sahib told the amazement of our Sarkar pulse, “Every
time, I feel nature and intensity of pulse differently, sometime it was
healthy and regular but another time it was weak and irregular.”
Our Sarkar was also under the treatment of Hakim Abdul Hayi in his last
days but no one cured him and his weakness was increasing day by day.
Inspite of his incurable state of illness, he continued his affectionate
instruction and religious saying and everyone were benefited from them.
When he happened to be unwell and people came to meet him and asked
about his health then he replied that Alhamdulilah, I am fine but they
are regarding me as a patient (Pointing toward the devotees).
Our Sarkar health was fast deteriorating and on1st Safar, it was nearly
3:45AM .Hakim Mirza Yaqoob Baig was feeling his pulse and our Sarkar was
awaiting the approaching time to join his beloved. All of a sudden the
Hakim Sahib withdrew his hand and began to weep profusely and said that
the duration of separation of eighty six or eighty-eight years came to
an end. Our Sarkar soul flew to heaven to merge with the infinite
At that time Sheikh Mazhar Ali Sahib addressed to the audience,
“Brother, the sorrow in which we are plunge is not temporary to be
forgotten soon but it will remain through out our life. Please be
patience for a while in discharging last services to our saint. Before
performing funeral rites, we must respect his saying that whenever a
Faqir dies their he will be buried.”
So all agreed to prepare his shrine there, where his last breath ceased
and big crowd of people had performed his funerals prays and finally on
1st of Safar 1323 Hijri at Deva Shareef. He was laid to rest in the tomb
for eternal rest. Loyal devotees of Sarkar Waris found every where in
this world. Therefore every year on 1 st Safar at 3:43AM religious
programme begin and special prayer are continue to progress from all the
spot where his devotees resides.