BIOGRAPHY OF SARKAR WARIS PAK (R.A)
 

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BIRTH &GENEALOGY:
Sarkar Alampannah, Haji-o-Hafiz, Syed Waris Ali Shah(R.A) was born on 1’st Ramadan 1238 Hijri at Deva Shareef , Deva is an ancient town, north of Bara banki. His mother named was “Syeda Bibi Sakina (Chand Bibi)”, who was the daughter of Syed Sheir Ali (R.A) Its mean that his mother lineage was also connected with the family of Hazrat Fatima (R.A). His father was “Syed Qurban Ali Shah (R.A)”, who was the Hafiz, Qari and famous Physician of his time. Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) came from a family of Husseini Syed, his genealogy shows that he was born in the 26’th generation of Hazrat Imam Hussein (R.A). The life of Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was began with the topic of Divine love and according to the principle tradition of his grand father Holy Prophet peace be upon him, That’s why his actual name was famed with one of those precious name of God in which he became annihilate himself. When we go through the history of Sufism then we found that most saints had awarded one of those precious name in which they would became annihilate themselves, which colored the whole of their existence and became his pre-dominant feature. His name “Waris”is an “Isme-Azam” and is one of the Ninety-nine name of Allah (As use in Quran), so he has gained the special attribute of God through his name. Infect he has taken his heritage gift when he was a child. The people recognized his external and eternal attribute and called him as “Waris-e-Ali”. God also proved a particular aspect of his name in such a way that whoever look at our Sarkar, he had accepted by his heart that “Olaika- Howal- Warison”

PROPHECY OF SARKAR WARIS:
During the period of Sarkar Waris infancy, Hazrat Akbar Shah was an eminent & pious man and was also considered the scholar of that time. Once a day Haji Khadim Ali along with Sarkar Waris had visited to Shah Sahib, after seeing him, he embraced the Sarkar Waris most cordially and said “This son will be a supreme sufi of his time”
Often Maulana Shah Abdul Rehman narrated that “Now Deva has such a great son, all creatures will attract toward him, he will illuminate like sun in his time and he will be popular from east to west.”
Just as the glad tiding of the birth of his grand father Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) were predicted long back by exalted saint during their respective period, in the same way arrival of Sarkar Waris has also forecasted by eminent sufi & saints, such as Miran Syed Ahmed, who was belonging to the fore generation of Sarkar Waris (R.A) has said, “God by his kindness bestowed on me a son, who will open his eyes in the world after five generation”.
Hence, same to happen as he said, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was born in his fifth generation and the luster of his spirituality has spread like the sun rays by which the common people tooked benefit. His spiritual bounties were also recognized by his contemporary. Therefore the high classes’ spiritual leader classified Sarkar Waris Ali Shah as a true lover of God and role model of Holy Prophet Tradition, which is also testified by his every action.

CHILDHOOD:
The childhood period of Sarkar Waris had passed with great splendour, all elder and younger’s were respected to him. Many strange activities of this precocious child had been observed by the people, some of which are following
Most of the times his eyes were looking red with full of tear, on which opthalmitis had been suspected by the people but another time when he had no sign of opthalmitis then people were astonished to see him, During Night, he was seen gazing at moon & stars, and smiling, it shows that he seemed to appreciate the artistry of the creature.
During the period of childhood he often slipped away out of home for three or four days & no one knew about him, where did he go but he himself came back to home. Once his grand mother enclosed him in the store, but he was also disappeared from the store, when on a search being made, he was found in garden.
Some saint also narrated that Sarkar Waris in playing had explained the quality of Divine love & advised them to abstain from the world to his playmates. He strongly disliked the worldly arrangement from his childhood period therefore he had distributed all his property amongst the poor rather than used himself.
On the basis of above mention incident, we can say that the initial habit & gesture of Sarkar Waris which was began to appear in playing but in reality they were regarded as the symptom of high ranking saint and the manifestation of true lover of God as well as strict following of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) tradition. Some elder saint also declared the symbols of true lover of God and said that one who sympatically deal with the creature of God, one who solved their problem & who would be pleasant, kind and generous for them.

EDUCATION:
Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was started learning the Quran at the age of five and within two years he memorized the whole Quran and became Hafiz. His grandmother also wants to teach him secular education so Maulvi Imam Ali Shah taught him primary text book with great sympathy and love. Although Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) seldom read his books but it was the amazement of his tutor, he always knew the answered when tested. He spent long time in retirement and contemplation.
After the death of his grand mother, his brother in law, Haji Khadim Ali Shah (R.A) took the charge of his bringing up and continued his studies, being too intelligent, he never forget whatever was to teach him. Therefore fame of his extraordinary talent was also spread here. Although his mother tongue was Urdu but he could speak fluently in many languages. He spoke with Arab, Afghans and Persian in their respective language without formality and unhesitantly.
His biographer are silent on the subject of his studies and extent of his learning, it is certain, however that he did not acquire much from books but in his advance age people came from distant places to discuss theological question with him. His contemporaries was also appreciate that he was a proficient scholar of literature and had a perfect knowledge on all those subject which are related with secular education, beside these he was well up in the knowledge of Divine love. This shows that all these knowledge bestowed on him by the God.

DASTAR BANDHI CEREMONY:
Haji Syed Khadim Ali Shah, who lived in Lucknow, was a man of great learning and a Sufi of great stature. He took charge of his education personally and when he was only eleven year old then Haji Khadim Ali Shah initiated him into the mysterious of occult science and gave him necessary training. It was not long before Haji Khadim Ali Shah became ill and inspite of treatment by an expert hakim, his soul flew to heaven. On the third day of his death ceremony Fatiha Khani was performed in which large number of the people participated. After the ceremony the selection of his successor and the function of Dastar Bandhi came up for discussion. Mr. Munna Jan, who was the main organizer of Lunger, brought a turban on a silver tray and offered it to the assembly of learned person for the election of successor. Meanwhile Hazrat Ghous Gwalyari took the hand of Sarkar Waris Ali Shah and said
“In front of me, he is most deserving among us.”
All audience were agreed on his selection & then spiritual leader tied the turban on the head of our Sarkar thus at a very young age Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was elected as spiritual leader. Whenever a reference was made to his Dastar Bandhi, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) had said,
“When people were gathered on the Rasme-Soyam of Haji Khadim Sahib, Maulvi Munna Jan said,” Today turban will tie on your head.” But I replied, “We didn’t know the quarrel of turban.” After an hour turban has tied on our head in the same gathering. When programmed of Qawali was began than I along with Sheikh Ghulab Ali (Ghasetay Khan) moved outside and on his demand, went to the market for eating Kababs. Meanwhile, we require more money for payment so we had offered to salesman that gives us Kababs in the replacement of this turban.”
The above mention incident shows that he liked to prefer the color of Faqiri from the beginning and proved the dignity of the true lover of God, who abstained from the worldly fame & name and except Allah, they away from all affairs.

MANNERS OF SPEECH:
Our Sarkar way of speech was peerless & it intrinsic and extrinsic value capable of satisfying the needy and spiritually guiding the people, most of the time he kept silent with down caste eyes. He would converse with his devotees in short sentences and he often repeated his words to emphasize it meaning. The most command able feature of his speech was that everyone thought, our Sarkar directing his attention towards him and referring to his desire and expectation. In this way everyone was benefited and satisfied.
Although the people, who paid a visit to Sarkar Waris, were of different categories and status of mind for e.g. Qari, Hafiz, Scholar master of arts e.t.c. From this point of view his comprehensive talk was unique which fulfilled the necessities and desire of everyone, according to their quest and interest.
Just as the large number of people indistinctive to any caste, creed and religion were impressed to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and entered in Islam (Except those, whose heart had been stamped with polytheism), In the same way people were inspired to the pleasant and soft speech of Sarkar Waris not only in India but in all over the world. He visited the different countries in his long period of traveling and met with peoples, whose were belonged to the different caste , creed, language and religion. All of them became sincere with him and desirous that to be admitted into his order.

TRAVELS:
Sarkar Waris (R.A) was only fifteen years old, when he decided to perform Haj. It was evident from his childhood days, he became so emotional whenever he heard about Madina. Before going to Haj, he had distributed his elder things and household furniture amongst the poor and needy person. While remaining valuable landed property and costly books has distributed amongst his relatives. He thus broke of all worldly ties, when he started on his journey. At first he was paying a farewell visit to the tomb of Hazrat Haji Syed Khadim Ali Shah after that he moved forward, on then way he stopped at Ajmeer, where the annual celebration (Urs) was being held in the shrine of Hazrat Khawja Moin-Uddin Chisti, so he had participated in it. After a few days stayed, he wedded his steps towards Nagpore. Maulvi Hussein Baksh Saheb, an important resident and saint son welcomed to Sarkar Waris when he arrived at Nagpore. Only three days he stayed in the house of Maulvi Hussein Sahib and everyday people assembled in large numbers and took benefit from his sane and sanity advice but the soon Sarkar Waris started his journey towards Bombay. He spent two weeks here and paid homage to all shrine of Bombay. During his Bombay stayed, famous businessman Haji Yousuf Zakria Memon along with his companion became our saint disciple. Sarkar Waris boarded on ship so he started his voyage from Bombay to Jaddah. It was the month of Shaban, when he reached at Jaddah .Therefore he spent those days in visiting the historical and sacred place while he performed Haj on it specific days. Our Sarkar Alampannah had traveled to Hijaz many times and each time he spent three or four years in the holy land of Kabba but during the pilgrimage season every year he performed the Holy Haj. Thus he performed Haj 10 times, during the course of his journey.
He spent approximately twelve years in traveling in this period, he visited the Arab, Syria, Sham, Iraq, palastine, Russia and Germany. He visited Constantinople in the time of majesty of Sultan Abdul Majid, who was greatly impressed by him and offered himself to be admitted into his order, as well as thousand of Turk people became his disciple. It is an interesting to note that on the occasion of his visit to Berlin. Haji Sahib was a guest of prime of Bismark. His followers claim that Haji Waris was the first Sufi to actually visit the Europe.
It is shown by the traveling of Sufi’s and Holy man that whose purpose of traveling was never based on personal motives, nor for entertainment but his mission was to promote his spirituality and virtious deeds. From this point of view, we can say that our Sarkar traveling was unique and his spirituality attracted the attention of the people, Therefore nor only did, he show the path of righteousness to the people of Sub-Continent who were deeply immersed in the darkness of faithlessness but also traveled to far off places, even foreign countries to propagate the teaching of Islam. And through his sincere efforts countless people were come in the fold of Islam.

RIYAZAT-O-MUJAHIDA:
Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was adopted an ascetic life since the period of childhood. Endurance was recognized by his routine habit so he had not passed single phase of his life without endurance. From the beginning he took little & simple food. When he reached at the age of fourteen then he became an eternal faster and when he went on his journey to Hijaz, he would break open his fast after seven days. He had continued this habit till the age of fifty. Even in these fast he took very little food. After the age of fifty, he fell sick and his health was fast deteriorating then he took daily food on the special request of his physician and devotees. For long time he abstain from the eating of mutton, milk, ghee, egg, onion, garlic and e.t.c.Everything of comfort and rest he avoided and completely cut off the worldly entanglement. Neither he sat on a couch, nor on the stool but he always sat and slept on the floor. Great wonder of his lying posture was that he was lying on his right shoulder without pillow in such a way that his back never touches the ground and his bent arm serving as a pillow.
His manner of sleep was according to the tradition of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) because our beloved prophet sometimes slept on a bear ground and sometimes slept on the blanket (Which was spreading over the ground), sometimes he slept without pillow and sometimes used brick or hand as a pillow. Now a days modern scientific research has been proved the significance of sleeping manners of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). Sleep on right side is necessary for the health sake because in this posture stomach and gut do not put their heaviness on hearth due to which circulation does not compromise. Another significance of this posture is that Heart is floating due to which man never goes into deep sleep and his eyes will be open on a slight disturbance, in this way he will take safety and he may develop the habit of awake in early morning.

MUJAHIDAT-E-TALEEM:
All the time, special blessing and reward were distributing in the darbar of Sarkar Waris and his devotees had gained knowledge by him. Grandeur of his spirituality was also seen in his teaching, like of which is hard to find. Just as Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) was a pious man with firm determination. In the same way his devotees has shown great endurance and perseverance in all trials and becomes shining stars for us.
Sarkar Waris were bringing out the miracles of revolutions in their life. Insspite of sacrifices, they had to endure and they were losing complete touch with the mundane world. This external hardship is an extraordinary effort and truly it is an attribute bestowed by Divine favour. Although temporary trial had been facing by all his devotees but here we describe more important and difficult mujahidat of his loyal devotees such as
Mustaqeem Shah Sahib, who was the resident of Ajmer shareef, Our Sarkar instructed to him, “Not to open his eyes.”
Hence Mustaqeem Shah more than seventy years spent his life with closed eyes and not to see any thing of this world.
Similarly another disciple was Hafiz Gulab Shah, resident of Agra. Our Sarkar strictly order to him, “Not to close your eyes at any time and always to remain awake.”
Hence for forty years the loyal devotees of Sarkar Waris rested on a stone pillow with eyes opened in a state wilderness.
Similarly our Sarkar advised to Abdul Razaq Shah Sahib, “Not to speak.”
From that time, he became silent and in this condition he spent his life until he died.
Therefore many devotees of Sarkar Waris had performed hard, unbearable efforts, which were against the human nature.

DIVINE LOVE:
From the beginning, Mission of Sarkar Alampannah was to teach the love of God. Hence he often declared to his disciple and devotees, “Divine love is the goal of our life.”Eversince the period of childhood, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) filled with Divine love and his personality was a model of Divine love. That is why, his every talk was deeply sunk in Divine love and his every action was based on the principle of Divine love and according to the tradition of Holy Prophety (Peace be upon him). It was evident from his action and incident that his heart illuminated with Divine love and the grandeur of Tasleem-o-Raza was appeared in his manner of life. This regarded him as a true lover of God.
During his whole life, neither he paid any attention to the things of necessity & means of comfort, nor he concerned with property but he spent long period in retirement and contemplation. Just as people take benefited by the blessing of his other attribute, in the same way Sarkar Waris (R.A) possessed a highest degreee of Divine love. Which had a wonderful inspiration because after seeing this, people comes under it influence. Actual training of Divine lover is base on the spirituality and the wonders of our Sarkar tassrufat was that without any apparent education, he fulfilled to all his devotees according to his intention and capacity. Thus we can say that the grandeur of his tassarufat were gushed out from him which bestowed blessing and favour on public, not only when he lived but even today his spiritual bounties are flowing continuously and everyone fulfill his demand even after his death.

EXTREME ILLNESS OF SARKAR WARIS AND DEATH:
On the 15th Moharram 1323Hijri, Sarkar Waris Pak (R.A) became ill, His apparent illness began with cold and temperature but on 20th Moharram, his condition became more critical with high grade fever, so Hakim and Physician were came for his treatment but his health was fast deteriorating. The news of his critical condition reached every where. His devotees and disciple rushed from every nook and corner. On the special request of his devotees Hakim Mohammed Azziz Sahib came from Lucknow. Hakim Sahib told the amazement of our Sarkar pulse, “Every time, I feel nature and intensity of pulse differently, sometime it was healthy and regular but another time it was weak and irregular.”
Our Sarkar was also under the treatment of Hakim Abdul Hayi in his last days but no one cured him and his weakness was increasing day by day. Inspite of his incurable state of illness, he continued his affectionate instruction and religious saying and everyone were benefited from them.
When he happened to be unwell and people came to meet him and asked about his health then he replied that Alhamdulilah, I am fine but they are regarding me as a patient (Pointing toward the devotees).
Our Sarkar health was fast deteriorating and on1st Safar, it was nearly 3:45AM .Hakim Mirza Yaqoob Baig was feeling his pulse and our Sarkar was awaiting the approaching time to join his beloved. All of a sudden the Hakim Sahib withdrew his hand and began to weep profusely and said that the duration of separation of eighty six or eighty-eight years came to an end. Our Sarkar soul flew to heaven to merge with the infinite beloved.
At that time Sheikh Mazhar Ali Sahib addressed to the audience,
“Brother, the sorrow in which we are plunge is not temporary to be forgotten soon but it will remain through out our life. Please be patience for a while in discharging last services to our saint. Before performing funeral rites, we must respect his saying that whenever a Faqir dies their he will be buried.”
So all agreed to prepare his shrine there, where his last breath ceased and big crowd of people had performed his funerals prays and finally on 1st of Safar 1323 Hijri at Deva Shareef. He was laid to rest in the tomb for eternal rest. Loyal devotees of Sarkar Waris found every where in this world. Therefore every year on 1 st Safar at 3:43AM religious programme begin and special prayer are continue to progress from all the spot where his devotees resides.